Directory Services Timeline
The Most Complete History of Directory Services You Will Ever Find
(Until the next one comes along)
|1969||First Arpanet node comes online; first RFC published.|
|1973||Ethernet invented by Xerox PARC researchers.|
|1982||TCP/IP replaces older Arpanet protocols on the Internet.|
|1982||First distributed computing research paper on Grapevine published by Xerox PARC researchers.|
|1984||Internet DNS comes online.|
|1986||IETF formally chartered.|
|1989||Quipu (X.500 software package) released.|
|1990||Estimated number of Internet hosts exceeds 250,000.|
|1990||First version of the X.500 standard published.|
|1991||A team at CERN headed by Tim Berners-Lee releases the first World Wide Web software.|
|1992||University of Michigan developers release the first LDAP software.|
|1993||NDS debuts in Netware 4.0.|
|July 1993||LDAP specification first published as RFC 1487.|
|December 1995||First standalone LDAP server (SLAPD) ships as part of U-M LDAP 3.2 release.|
|April 1996||Consortium of more than 40 leading software vendors endorses LDAP as the Internet directory service protocol of choice.|
|1996||Netscape Hires Tim Howes, Mark Smith, and Gordon Good from University of Michigan. Howes serves as a directory server architect.|
|September 1997||Sun Microsystems releases Sun Directory Services 1.0, derived from U-M LDAP 3.2||
|November 1997||LDAPv3 named the winner of the PC Magazine Award for Technical Excellence.|
|December 1997||LDAPv3 approved as a proposed Internet Standard.|
|1998||The OpenLDAP Project was started by Kurt Zeilenga. The project started by cloning the LDAP reference source from the University Of Michigan.|
|January 1998||Netscape ships the first commercial LDAPv3 directory server.|
|March 1998||Innosoft acquires Mark Walh’s Critical Angle company, relesases LDAP directory server product 4.1 one month later.|
|July 1998||Sun Microsystems ships Sun Directory Server 3.1, implementing LDAPv3 standards||
|July 1998||Estimated number of Internet hosts exceeds 36 million.|
|1999||AOL acquires Netscape and forms the iPlanet Alliance with Sun Microsystems.|
|March 1999||Innosoft team, led by Mark Wahl, releases Innosoft Distributed Directory Server 5.0||
|March 2000||Sun Microsystems acquires Innosoft, merges Innosoft directory code with iPlanet. This forms the foundation for the iPlanet Directory Access Router.||
|October 2001||The iPlanet Alliance ends and Sun and Netscape fork the codebase.|
|October 2004||Apache Directory Server Top Level Project is formed after 1 year in incubation||
|December 2004||RedHat Purchases Netscape Server products|
|2005||Sun Microsystems initiates the OpenDS project. An open source directory server based on the Java platform.|
|June 2005||RedHat Releases Fedora Directory Server|
|October 2006||Apache Directory Server 1.0 is released||
|2007||UnboundID releases its directory server||
|2008||AOL Stops Supporting Netscape Products|
|April 2009||Oracle purchases Sun Microsystems|
|May 2009||RedHat changes the Fedora Directory Server to 389 Directory Server|
|Feb 1, 2010||ForgeRock is founded||
|Dec 2010||ForgeRock releases OpenDJ|
|July 2011||Oracle releases Oracle Unified Directory|
(1) Understanding and Deploying LDAP Directory Services; Second Edition; Timothy A. Howes, Ph.D., Mark C. Smith, and Gordon S. Good.
(2) 389 Directory Server; History (http://directory.fedoraproject.org/wiki/History).
(3) Email exchange with Ludovic Poitou (ForgeRock).
(4) Press Release, March 16th, 1998; “Innosoft Acquires LDAP Technology Leader Critical Angle Inc. (http://www.pmdf.process.com/press/critical-angle-acquire.html).
(5) OpenLDAP; Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenLDAP).
(6) iPlanet; Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPlanet).
(7) OpenDS; Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenDS).
(8) Netscape; Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netscape).
(9) Press Release, April 20th, 2000; “Oracle Buys Sun” (http://www.oracle.com/us/corporate/press/018363).
(10) 389 Directory Server; 389 Change FAQ (http://directory.fedoraproject.org/wiki/389_Change_FAQ).
(11) OpenDJ; Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenDJ).
(12) Email exchange with Nick Crown (UnboundID).
(13) Press Release, July 20th, 2011; “Oracle Announces Oracle Unified Directory 11g” (http://www.oracle.com/us/corporate/press/434211).